Category Archives: Science

Words of the Day 16 December 2013 – Einstein

English: Albert Einstein Français : portrait d...
English: Albert Einstein Français : portrait d’Albert Einstein (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

“Professor: “You are a Christian aren’t you son?”
Einstein: (as a student) “Yes sir.”
“So you believe in God?”
“Absolutely sir.”
“Is God good”?
“Sure.”
“Is God all powerful?”
“Yes.”
“My brother died of cancer even though he prayed to God to heal him. Most of us would attempt to heal others who are ill. But God didn’t. How is this God good then?… You can’t answer, can you? Let’s start again, young fella. Is God good?”
“Yes.”
“Is satan good?”
“No.”
“Where does satan come from?”
“From God.”
“Yes.”
Evil is everywhere isn’t it? And God did make everything. Correct?”
“Yes.”
“So who created evil? … Is there sickness? Immorality? Hatred? Ugliness? All those terrible things exist in the world, don’t they”
“Yes sir.”
“So who created them?… Science says you have five senses. Senses you have to identify and observe the world around you. Tell me son, have you ever seen God?”
“No sir.”

English: News headline announcing his death Ca...
English: News headline announcing his death Category:Albert Einstein (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

“Have you ever felt you God, tasted your God, smelt your God? Have you ever had any sensory perception of God for that matter?”
“No sir, I’m afraid I haven’t.”
“Yet you still believe in Him?”
“Yes.”
“According to Empirical, Testable, Demonstrable Protocol,Science says your God doesn’t exist. What do you say to that son?”
“Nothing. I only have my faith.”
“Yes, faith. And that is the problem Science has.”
Professor, is there such a thing as heat?
“Yes.”
And is there such a thing as cold?
“Yes.”
“No, sir. There isn’t…. Sir, you can have lots of heat, even more heat, superheat, mega heat, white heat, a little heat or no heat. But we don’t have anything called cold. We can hit 458 degrees below zero which is no heat, but we can’t go any further than that. There is no such thing as cold. Cold is only a word we use to describe the absence of heat. We cannot measure cold. Heat is energy. Cold is not the opposite of heat, sir, just the absence of it.
… What about darkness, Professor? Is there such a thing as darkness?”
“What is night if there isn’t darkness?”
“You’re wrong again, sir. Darkness is the absence of something. You can have low light, normal light, bright light, flashing light. But if you have no light constantly, you have nothing and it’s called darkness, isn’t it? In reality,darkness isn’t. If it is, well you would be able to make darkness darker, wouldn’t you?
So what is the point you are making, young man?
Sir, my point is your philosophical premise is flawed.
Flawed? Can you explain how?
Sir you are working on the premise on duality. You argue there is life and there is death, a good God and a bad God. You are viewing the concept of God as something finite, something we can measure. Sir, Science can’t even explain a thought. It uses electricity and magnetism, but has never seen, much less fully understood either one. To view death as the opposite of life is to be ignorant of the fact that death cannot exist as a substantive thing.
Death is not the opposite of life: just the absence of it. Now tell me Professor, do you teach your students that they evolved from a monkey?
If you are referring to the natural evolutionary process, yes of course I do.
Have you ever observed evolution with your own eyes, sir?

Albert Einstein
Albert Einstein (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

… Since no one has ever observed the process of evolution at work and cannot even prove that this process is an on-going endeavour. Are you not teaching your opinion, sir? Are you not a scientist but a preacher?
Is there anyone in this class who has ever seen the Professor’s brain?
Is there anyone who has ever heard the Professor’s brain, felt it, touched or smelt it ?No one appears to have done so. So, according to the established Rules of Empirical, Stable, Demonstrable Protocol, Science says that you have no brain sir. With all due respect, sir, how do we then trust your lectures, sir?”
“I guess you’ll have to take them on faith, son.”
“That is it sir…Exactly! The link between man and God is faith. This is all that keeps things alive and moving.”
Albert Einstein

Science Quote of the Day 15 Dec 2013 – Religions

Cover of "When God Was a Woman"
Cover of When God Was a Woman

“Many questions come to mind. How influenced by contemporary religions were many of the scholars who wrote the texts available today? How many scholars have simply assumed that males have always played the dominant role in leadership and creative invention and projected this assumption into their analysis of ancient cultures? Why do so many people educated in this century think of classical Greece as the first major culture when written language was in use and great cities built at least twenty-five centuries before that time? And perhaps most important, why is it continually inferred that the age of the “pagan” religions, the time of the worship of female deities (if mentioned at all), was dark and chaotic, mysterious and evil, without the light of order and reason that supposedly accompanied the later male religions, when it has been archaeologically confirmed that the earliest law, government, medicine, agriculture, architecture, metallurgy, wheeled vehicles, ceramics, textiles and written language were initially developed in societies that worshiped the Goddess? We may find ourselves wondering about the reasons for the lack of easily available information on societies who, for thousands of years, worshiped the ancient Creatress of the Universe.”
Merlin Stone, When God Was a Woman

Triple Quote Saturday – 14 December 2013- Imagine

Isaac Asimov
Cover of Isaac Asimov

“Imagine the people who believe such things and who are not ashamed to ignore, totally, all the patient findings of thinking minds through all the centuries since the Bible was written. And it is these ignorant people, the most uneducated, the most unimaginative, the most unthinking among us, who would make themselves the guides and leaders of us all; who would force their feeble and childish beliefs on us; who would invade our schools and libraries and homes. I personally resent it bitterly.”
? Isaac Asimov

Part of Image:Planetary society.jpg Original c...
Part of Image:Planetary society.jpg Original caption: “Founding of the Planetary Society Carl Sagan, Bruce Murray and Louis Friedman, the founders of The Planetary Society at the time of signing the papers formally incorporating the organization. The fourth person is Harry Ashmore, an advisor, who greatly helped in the founding of the Society. Ashmore was a Pulitizer Prize winning journalist and leader in the Civil Rights movement in the 1960s and 1970s.” (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

 

 

“The idea that God is an oversized white male with a flowing beard, who sits in the sky and tallies the fall of every sparrow is ludicrous. But if by ‘God,’ one means the set of physical laws that govern the universe, then clearly there is such a God. This God is emotionally unsatisfying… it does not make much sense to pray to the law of gravity.”
Carl Sagan

 

 

 

 

 

 

Went to see GC in Trenton on 4/4/08. His openi...
Went to see GC in Trenton on 4/4/08. His opening act was Dennis Blair. Between the 2 of them I had no mascara left (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

“It turned out I was pretty good in science. But again, because of the small budget, in science class we couldn’t afford to do experiments in order to prove theories. We just believed everything. Actually, I think that class was called Religion. Religion class was always an easy class. All you had to do was suspend the logic and reasoning you were being taught in all the other classes.”
George CarlinBrain Droppings

Narcissist Q/A – Friday the 13th – What Compels People to Take Advantage of Others?

QUESTION: What Compels People to Take Advantage of Others? I don’t understand.

ANSWER: The easy answer… people are bullies and sometimes people allow themselves to be taken advantage of for fear of loss.

Narcissus
Narcissus (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The complicated answer… Some people (narcissists) feel they are better, superior, in a different class and while it may manifest in many ways, such as fame, wealth, power, etc, the fact remains that whatever they do achieve in life is never enough, if they are not at the top of the heap.

Most will lie, cheat and steal without thought other than the risk and penalty of being caught albeit in business or personal life. They want/need your compliments, admiration, attention along with their power and material things. These people leave you powerless, exhausted and drained. They have a total lack of empathy for others, particularly family and friends.

This lack of empathy allows them to take advantage of those closest to them to get their own “desires” met… regardless of the pain or hurt it causes someone else. Sensitive people are most often directly targeted because the narcissist will take advantage of compassion you’ve managed to cultivate over years of life and experience.

English: Picture of myself, I am a narcissist....
English: Picture of myself, I am a narcissist. For use on userpages. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

It’s almost impossible to completely avoid narcissists and there are things you can do to protect yourself from those who think of themselves as masters of deception.

The narcissist will groom you in the same manner a sexual predator does. The narcissist knows what you want and need emotionally. The narcissist knows how to make you feel good as part of their confidence scheme. They know how to say the right things at the right times particularly with insincere compliments. You can’t fix them and it’s not your job to do so.

Stop, think… act. Protect your heart. Don’t be afraid to turn around and exit the closest door and walk away. Don’t forget to lock the door behind you… from the outside, so you can’t be followed.

You have to know who you are and what you want. STOP the vampire in it’s tracks.

This question is directly related to PTSD threat assessments and hyper-vigilance…

Tech Piece of the Day 12 December 2013 – Data Transport Protocols

English: Encapsulation of application data des...
English: Encapsulation of application data descending through the layered TCP/IP architecture (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

If we still have some vestige of the digital technological revolution of the last century, it is certainly the data transport mechanisms in use throughout the internet. Although maybe we should talk in plural because they are precisely two mechanisms we have inherited from our digital prehistory. These are TCP and UDP.

Both data transport mechanisms have been with us almost from the beginning, and are so embedded in our hardware and software systems to be replaced would be a virtually impossible task since it resides in the heart of all our communications.

However, attempts are being made to improve the methods of internet communication of the last century. And I say improve, because so far, there has been no public attempt to develop alternative communication protocol(s) to replace the one hundred percent the existing one. On the contrary, it seems that the workaround for a new protocol that meets the needs of a rapidly growing internet would be to recycle the old and obsolete UDP protocol.

Basically the difference between TCP and UDP is the control each exerts on protocols that transport data. TCP requires constant communication between client and server that serves to control the communication between both parties, in addition to TCP consists of sophisticated mechanisms that monitor the data flow sequence and ensuring the integrity thereof. Furthermore UDP is more careless in their purpose and sending everything that comes with a wide lead indiscriminately as far as performance is concerned but leave much to be desired when it comes to quality control. For these reasons and others, the UDP protocol is typically used primarily for the massive flow of data such as video transfer and audio, where reasonable loss of information is not a big risk, while TCP is more suitable for sensitive data sent. The most widespread use of TCP is the HTTP protocol that allows us to surf the internet and receive texts and pictures flawlessly.

However, the control mechanism of TCP can certainly affect the user experience by causing waiting times as a result of sequential processing of data. These delays went unnoticed twenty years ago but not today with data transfer speeds that can exceed 50 Mbps. Another drawback of TCP timeout are caused by initiating communications protocol commonly called RTT (the English “Round -Trip-Time “) where the client and server exchange information and” greetings “before performing the requested data to the user from the browser.

In order to speed up internet there have been several proposals among which a formal initiative of the IETF (Internet Engineering Task force) with its new version of the protocol that HTTP2 applications use, but makes use of the well known TCP systematically by improving browser speed by making use of techniques such as header compression, multiplexing and pipelining asynchronous connections.

However, it is the private sector which has to work with proposals that promise to improve the protocol transfer layer compared to what we know them as today. One of these companies is Fujitsu, who has developed a new technology based on TCP RTT, reducing by one-sixth of the original time and increases the performance of TCP by 30 percent over the current performance. This new protocol is implemented via software and improves the response time to time revise, retrieve and resend lost packets. The protocol developed by Fujitsu, which still has no name, is also able to adjust the data transfer bandwidth available in order to minimize the loss of information and avoid bottlenecks.

Image representing Android as depicted in Crun...
Image via CrunchBase

But the coming war of the protocols would not be war without the presence of Google, which is still struggling for Internet supremacy. Google has not only tried to unseat the new, yet unreleased, HTTP2 protocol applications with their own version dubbed SPDY, but has been redesigned with star UDP TCP elements such as security and control packet reception, but maintaining the simplicity and speed of the UDP protocol. Google’s solution for a faster internet called QUIC.

The implementation of a new transport protocol can be a daunting task that may never come to be. An example of this is the IPv6 protocol, but it has takes years already, and it has not yet been able to be implemented in full, despite the fact your need is prevailing these days. IPv6 is a clear example of how complicated it can be to replace a well-established protocol, although children are worthy heirs of their father.

Moreover, the idea of a “pseudo-protocol” based software such as Fujitsu suggests, it could be the key to the successful implementation of new protocol (and even layers) transport could well be implemented at the operating system level. It is definitely a clean, non-invasive solution.

network communication protocols
network communication protocols (Photo credit: kob42kob)

But could a company give encouragement that a new protocol needs to be adopted by the rest of the digital community without any corporate interest? If anyone with enough power to successfully bring such a task, that is Google. It is assumed that Google is the trendsetter as far as technology is concerned and therefore its Chrome browser as its Android operating system are definitely weapons of mass incorporation of developing protocols ready to be done with the world market.

 

Quote of the Day 8 December 2013 – Change

Part of Image:Planetary society.jpg Original c...
Part of Image:Planetary society.jpg Original caption: “Founding of the Planetary Society Carl Sagan, Bruce Murray and Louis Friedman, the founders of The Planetary Society at the time of signing the papers formally incorporating the organization. The fourth person is Harry Ashmore, an advisor, who greatly helped in the founding of the Society. Ashmore was a Pulitizer Prize winning journalist and leader in the Civil Rights movement in the 1960s and 1970s.” (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

“In science it often happens that scientists say, ‘You know that’s a really good argument; my position is mistaken,’ and then they would actually change their minds and you never hear that old view from them again. They really do it. It doesn’t happen as often as it should, because scientists are human and change is sometimes painful. But it happens every day. I cannot recall the last time something like that happened in politics or religion.”
Carl Sagan

Quote of the Day 5 December 2013 – Flower

Richard Feynman
Cover of Richard Feynman

“I have a friend who’s an artist and has sometimes taken a view which I don’t agree with very well. He’ll hold up a flower and say “look how beautiful it is,” and I’ll agree. Then he says “I as an artist can see how beautiful this is but you as a scientist take this all apart and it becomes a dull thing,” and I think that he’s kind of nutty. First of all, the beauty that he sees is available to other people and to me too, I believe. Although I may not be quite as refined aesthetically as he is … I can appreciate the beauty of a flower. At the same time, I see much more about the flower than he sees. I could imagine the cells in there, the complicated actions inside, which also have a beauty. I mean it’s not just beauty at this dimension, at one centimeter; there’s also beauty at smaller dimensions, the inner structure, also the processes. The fact that the colors in the flower evolved in order to attract insects to pollinate it is interesting; it means that insects can see the color. It adds a question: does this aesthetic sense also exist in the lower forms? Why is it aesthetic? All kinds of interesting questions which the science knowledge only adds to the excitement, the mystery and the awe of a flower. It only adds. I don’t understand how it subtracts.”
? Richard P. Feynman

Quote of the Day 7 November 2013 – That’s Us

Part of Image:Planetary society.jpg Original c...
Part of Image:Planetary society.jpg Original caption: “Founding of the Planetary Society Carl Sagan, Bruce Murray and Louis Friedman, the founders of The Planetary Society at the time of signing the papers formally incorporating the organization. The fourth person is Harry Ashmore, an advisor, who greatly helped in the founding of the Society. Ashmore was a Pulitizer Prize winning journalist and leader in the Civil Rights movement in the 1960s and 1970s.” (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

“Look again at that dot. That’s here. That’s home. That’s us. On it everyone you love, everyone you know, everyone you ever heard of, every human being who ever was, lived out their lives. The aggregate of our joy and suffering, thousands of confident religions, ideologies, and economic doctrines, every hunter and forager, every hero and coward, every creator and destroyer of civilization, every king and peasant, every young couple in love, every mother and father, hopeful child, inventor and explorer, every teacher of morals, every corrupt politician, every “superstar,” every “supreme leader,” every saint and sinner in the history of our species lived there-on a mote of dust suspended in a sunbeam.

 

The Earth is a very small stage in a vast cosmic arena. Think of the endless cruelties visited by the inhabitants of one corner of this pixel on the scarcely distinguishable inhabitants of some other corner, how frequent their misunderstandings, how eager they are to kill one another, how fervent their hatreds. Think of the rivers of blood spilled by all those generals and emperors so that, in glory and triumph, they could become the momentary masters of a fraction of a dot.

 

Our posturings, our imagined self-importance, the delusion that we have some privileged position in the Universe, are challenged by this point of pale light. Our planet is a lonely speck in the great enveloping cosmic dark. In our obscurity, in all this vastness, there is no hint that help will come from elsewhere to save us from ourselves.

 

Cover of "Pale Blue Dot: A Vision of the ...
Cover via Amazon

It has been said that astronomy is a humbling and character-building experience. There is perhaps no better demonstration of the folly of human conceits than this distant image of our tiny world. To me, it underscores our responsibility to deal more kindly with one another, and to preserve and cherish the pale blue dot, the only home we’ve ever known.”
— Carl Sagan (Pale Blue Dot: A Vision of the Human Future in Space)

 

Living in the nuclear wasteland of Las Vegas, you get used to having to find clean water. While the local water authority tells us how safe our water is, the fact remains the particulates far exceed federal standards… and thus if you fill a glass of water and let it evaporate you will be surprised at the color of the remaining sediment… orange. If you leave just enough water at the bottom… maybe a teaspoon and smell it, it may knock you out with nastiness.

As far as drinking I have moved forward to distillation of water. The result is 0ppm water. I then re-mineralize the water for taste. Out of the tap I average about 550ppm checked with my truncheon meter.

For horticulture it’s incredibly important to start out with clean water. Each variety of plant has limits to the amount of particulates it can uptake. If one plant will allow 800ppm before it chokes… and tap water is used, I can only add 250ppm of nutrient for the plant. The plant doesn’t care if the 800ppm is nutrient and/or inert or possibly toxic parts. By reducing the baseline to 0ppm (pure water) I can add nutrient to the full 800ppm… resulting in happier and greener plants producing (and fruiting) significantly better than if fed or watered by the tap.

Regulating the use of plastics really isn’t an option… or is it? Don’t we have too much regulation to begin with? Maybe not.

I stopped buying bottled water less than a year ago. I ride a motorcycle and it started getting more and more difficult to purchase multiple cases of water and since I’ve made the switch I’ve fallen in love.

Water is stored in GLASS BOTTLES!!! Imagine that.

And in case you think it’s any cleaner than your local tap water (hint: don’t count on it!), read this.

Why We Lie – WSJ.com

 

We like to believe that a few bad apples spoil the virtuous bunch. But research shows that everyone cheats a little—right up to the point where they lose their sense of integrity.

The results of these experiments should leave you wondering about the ways that we currently try to keep people honest. Does the prospect of heavy fines or increased enforcement really make someone less likely to cheat on their taxes, to fill out a fraudulent insurance claim, to recommend a bum investment or to steal from his or her company? It may have a small effect on our behavior, but it is probably going to be of little consequence when it comes up against the brute psychological force of “I’m only fudging a little” or “Everyone does it” or “It’s for a greater good.”

read more… Why We Lie – WSJ.com.